When Saleem Sheikh’s dreams of becoming a commercial airline pilot were gently quashed by his father, he decided to take his interest in the law further. Today, many of Saleem’s clients must be very grateful to Mr Sheikh Senior for his advice.
His father, Manzoor-ul-Haq Sheikh, had been worried for his teenage son’s safety. Saleem’s uncle had tragically died while flying over his sisal farmlands in East Africa in 1963, leaving a 28-year-old widow and young children. With this accident fresh in Manzoor’s mind, he advised his son that he may want to pursue a safer career path.
Stability was important for the Sheikh family. Originally from Amritsar in northern India, when partition came in 1948 they were forced to move to the new Muslim state of Pakistan. Whilst in Lahore, the family gave up their businesses and assets left in India as it was too dangerous to stay behind. Since the early 1900s, Saleem’s mother’s family had been in Kenya and had established successful businesses in the country. They encouraged the couple, Hamida and Manzoor, to move to Africa and in 1949 they settled there.
Having an academic background, Manzoor became a senior civil servant for the British government in Nairobi. When Kenya’s independence came in 1963 he worked for the President, Jomo Kenyatta, but his position was ‘Africanised’, whereby he taught a Kenyan to do his job in his place. The British government anticipated problems in Africa and in 1965 when Manzoor retired, he was invited to come to England. The family did not take up Kenyan passports but retained their British citizenship.
The Sheikh family left its idyllic lifestyle in Africa and arrived in Britain on 7th August 1967, to a rainy August morning, Saleem recalls. Although Kenya didn’t have the problems of Uganda, the British government were proved correct in their anxieties about the future of the country for non-ethnic Africans. “It was a choice to leave Kenya, but it was ‘Hobson’s choice’. If he had left it two years later it would no longer have been a choice. So at least our move was orderly,” Saleem explains.
Life in Britain was difficult in the beginning, he says. “It was the time of Enoch Powell and discrimination and a lot of immigrants were coming to the UK, but I personally never experienced discrimination. The key was that we blended in well; we weren’t going to be just a little segment of a community. My father always felt that we had to be part of the host community, just like we had been in Africa; we always intermingled with different cultures so it was a fairly smooth transition.”
Living in the west London town of Isleworth, a young Saleem still harboured his dreams of becoming a pilot. When the ambition was denied, his extended family, made up of successful entrepreneurs and lawyers, suggested Saleem look into his second passion: the law. Brought up on courtroom TV shows such as Crown Court and Perry Mason, Saleem has always been intrigued by the dynamics of a courtroom and was encouraged further by the wise words of his businessman uncle. “He was always saying how important it was to have the right lawyer, that he was worth his weight in gold, and how he could be an absolute strength in any businessman’s arsenal,” Saleem remembers.
Saleem attended the London School of Economics in 1977 to read law. He joined GSC (Green David Conway & Co, as it was) in 1981 on a training contract, qualified in 1983 and by 1985 was a partner in the firm. Since that time, the law firm has changed significantly.
Saleem describes a “sea change” in the type of wealth advice he has been asked for over the past 30 years. In the early days, particularly in the Asian community, it was all about wealth creation, he says. “A lot of Asian businesses had come to the UK in the 1970s and 80s and really uprooted themselves, so it was a case of putting the building blocks of a business into place. It was about asset protection and having a good structure in the business to make sure it could grow and a lot of those companies have now done amazingly well.”
Over the past 30 years, the advice has become more sophisticated, the wealth has grown and the asset base has become more diverse. Asian-owned businesses have gradually moved into manufacturing, distribution, service industries, care industries and the food business. Over the last 10 years, these businesses have also become more international. “It’s become a multi-jurisdictional approach,” Saleem explains.
As Asian businesses have evolved, the situations that Saleem consults on have become more complex. For example, there may be a family business made up of three or four brothers that worked well in the beginning, but as the families have grown and children have different aspirations, the situation changes. “These circumstances raise a lot of questions about how wealth is structured, and often things like offshore trusts or onshore businesses are considered,” explains Saleem. “I think in the early days, the community worked very much on handshakes and not so much with written documentation. Regretfully, if there was a fall-out or a death, it would cause a problem. Now, people are savvier about getting the right advice and getting things documented and having a shareholders’ agreement in place.”
Not only is the type of legal issue for high-net-worth individuals changing, the range is growing hugely. Saleem commonly deals with issues including: succession planning for children coming into the business, protecting assets for married clients through prenuptial agreements or trusts, partnership agreements, writing Wills and a lasting power of attorney, tax-efficient gifting to children and inheritance tax.
Nowadays it’s about wealth preservation in many cases, Saleem explains. “Sometimes we deal with a situation whereby the second or third generation have rights over the money for education or property, but they don’t actually have access to the capital.”
Over time, Saleem’s role has morphed from that of lawyer to a consultant. Clients talk to Saleem openly and freely; he jokes that it is a bit like seeing the family doctor. “You have to be many things in this business,” he explains. “You become part of the family; they share things confidentially with me: their fears, their concerns, their secrets and their aspirations.”
The changing approach to clients has catalysed the launch of GSC’s consulting business this year. “They trust me through the whole process. We discuss what to do with the money, what to invest or put into a trust or give to charity,” says Saleem, highlighting the amount of philanthropy that is involved in the Asian business community.
Currently high-net-worth individuals make up approximately 65% of GSC’s business. Saleem is seeing a rise in British Asian entrepreneurs and businesspeople referred to his firm. He is recommended through existing clients and through big private banks such as Coutts. There is a big rise in Asian families whose wealth has grown with their business, be it a hotel that has now turned into a chain or a cash and carry which has now turned into a string of retail outlets. “With that, they need to get specific advice,” says Saleem. “Maybe they have used their high street firm historically. But the bank will advise them to get sophisticated advice; they need someone who understands their culture, their background and also the fact that you sit in a western environment today. I’m quite unique – I act as a bridge between both cultures.”
Saleem is multi-lingual, speaking six languages in all, which is an asset he uses every day. Many foreign clients have assets in the UK, and increasingly clients who traditionally work and invest in the UK are turning to places such as East Africa or India as a result of the financial crisis. In these situations, Saleem’s cultural knowledge and understanding make him a vital asset.
“I understand how Asian minds work, I understand how Asian businesses work, I understand their ethos and their ethics. I understand the sweet spots and the crunch points that arise in their thinking and in their business lives.” In the office there are 16 languages spoken. This international flavour is something the firm is keen to capitalise on. Not only is GSC providing advice for all seasons in business, but now for all geographies too.
For more information on GSC, please visit www.gscsolicitors.com
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